More and more cases of diabetes are increasing, not only do adults suffer, now young people and children too. Obesity, sedentariness, poor nutrition contribute to the appearance and be considered a public health problem.
In the world, there are more than 220 million people with diabetes. The World Health Organization (WHO) expects diabetes deaths to multiply by two between 2005 and 2030.
Diabetes mellitus pathology? what is it?
It is a chronic disease of metabolism, which converts the food we ingest into energy. Insulin is the most critical factor in this process.
During digestion, the food breaks down to create glucose, and it passes into the blood.
It was Thomas Willis, who in the year 1674, discovers diabetes daring to test the urine of a person affected by that disease, finding, so it was sweet.
diabetes mellitus is primarily a problem with?
People with diabetes have two problems:
The pancreas does not produce the necessary insulin.
Cells become insulin-resistant and cannot assimilate glucose.
And if you think that diabetes is just a mistake, they know what other types of diabetes there are. There are 03 major types of diabetes:
Diabetes mellitus type 1 definition
It was formerly called Diabetes dependent Insulin or juvenile onset Diabetes. The most frequent ages in which it appears are childhood, adolescence, and the first years of adult life.
diabetes mellitus type 1 symptoms are the increase in the need to drink, and the amount of urine, the feeling of tiredness, and weight loss. these are some diabetes mellitus type 1 risk factors.
It usually diagnosed in childhood, but many people receive the diagnosis when they are more than 20 years old.
Diabetes mellitus type 2 definition physiopathology
what is pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus type 2? May appear at any age, but it is common to begin in adulthood, after 40 years.
It characterized by insulin resistance and is usually associated with a relative deficit of production of this substance by the pancreas.
Diabetes mellitus type 2 with neurological manifestations
Insulin secretion is inadequate because patients have developed insulin resistance. Hepatic resistance to insulin inhibits the suppression of hepatic glucose production, and peripheral resistance to insulin affects the peripheral absorption of glucose. This combination gives rise to hyperglycemia in fasting and postprandial.
Obesity is present in 80% of these patients. It does not often present any discomfort or specific symptom so that it can go unnoticed for the affected person for a long time. what is the prognosis of diabetes mellitus type 2? It represents 90-95% of the total number of cases of diabetes mellitus.
Gestational diabetes signs and symptoms
gestational diabetes during pregnancy is diagnosed for the first time during it. but when to test gestational diabetes? It appears in between 2 and 5 percent of gestation processes. gestational diabetes effect on baby, Usually the woman regains the state of normality after childbirth. Women with gestational diabetes have, in the short, medium, or long term, a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Risk factors for gestational diabetes are obesity and family history.
Although it is known that it is a disease that has no cure, it is essential to pay attention to the changes and alterations that are present.
Healthy eating and physical activity are essential to prevent this disease. And if you already have it, do not neglect the control of your glucose levels.
Diabetes mellitus signs and symptoms
In most cases, people do not have any symptoms. However, some may present excessive desire to eat, urinate in large quantities frequently, abundant thirst, blurred vision, and weight loss.
Why does Diabetes mellitus affect our organism?
It has known for a long time that poorly controlled diabetes causes problems in different parts of the body, such as the Heart, eyes, brain, and kidneys.
According to The World Health Organization, diabetes is the most common cause of renal failure. Renal damage caused by diabetes is called diabetic nephropathy and occurs long before symptoms appear. An early sign is the presence of small amounts of protein in the urine. A urine test can detect it.
Diabetes also keeps a close relationship with heart disease. The problem is that elevated blood glucose levels increase the risk of arteries clogging, causing heart attacks.
Diabetic retinopathy is one of the most common complications among patients with diabetes. It is progressive damage that affects the blood vessels of the retina (the part of the eye that is sensitive to the light) and can cause total blindness.
“These complications are the product of the poor education of the patient who does not have adequate control of his illness. Keeping glucose elevated for a long time leads patients to several complications ranging from infections, amputations, diabetic commas and death, “the doctor said”
one of the significant complications of diabetes and cause of amputation, can be prevented and adequately controlled. at least one diabetic patient a day suffers the amputation of a gangrenous limb, being something that can avoid,” doctor concluded.
Diabetes is a severe and chronic disease, but today, with the right treatment and a little will can control quite well.
Diabetes mellitus prevention and control
These are the keywords for coping with the disease. You can prevent diabetes by eating healthy and exercising at least 30 minutes a day.
In the case of people with a diagnosis, they can lead a life without complications by modifying their risk factors and following the medical indications. It is also essential that they stop smoking and control blood pressure and cholesterol.